What are the indication for amputation?
Indications for amputation vary between and within countries. In the Western world, peripheral vascular disease is the commonest indication for amputation. In Nigeria, however, trauma and traditional bone setter (TBS) gangrene are the leading indications. Temporal change in indications also occurs.
What is a hindquarter amputation?
An operation involving removal of an entire leg and part or all of the pelvis associated with it. It is usually performed for soft tissue or bone sarcomas arising from the upper thigh, hip, or buttock. Compare forequarter amputation.
What are 3 of the problems that can occur in an amputee’s residual limb?
The complications that can arise from stump oedema include wound breakdown, pain, reduced mobility and difficulties with prosthetic fitting.
What are the contraindications of amputation?
The only contraindication for amputation is poor health that impairs the patient’s ability to tolerate anesthesia and surgery. However, the diseased limb is often at the center of the patient’s illness, leading to a compromised medical status.
What are the indications of amputation in diabetic foot?
Indications for amputation are chronic lower limb ulcers, infected or not infected, due to peripheral neuropathy, vascular disease or deformity of the feet. Foot ulcer precedes amputations in 84% of the cases. Amputation in diabetes is not a riskless treatment.
Which conditions would increase the risk for amputation?
The most common causes leading to amputation are diabetes mellitus, peripheral vascular disease, neuropathy, and trauma.
What are the complications of amputation?
Complications associated with having an amputation include:
- heart problems such as heart attack.
- deep vein thrombosis (DVT)
- slow wound healing and wound infection.
- stump and “phantom limb” pain.
When is foot amputation needed?
Reasons for having an amputation of a lower limb are: Severe trauma to the limb caused by an accident. Poor blood flow to the limb. Infections that do not go away or become worse and cannot be controlled or healed.
What is removed in a hemipelvectomy?
A hemipelvectomy is a surgical procedure that may be performed to address certain bone and soft tissue tumors that developed in or spread to the pelvis. An uncommon type of lower-extremity, above-the-knee amputation, hemipelvectomy involves the removal or resection of the pelvis.
What is transradial amputation?
A transradial amputation is a surgical procedure in which the radius and ulna (bones of the lower arm) are cut, and the lower portion of these bones and the hand are removed from the body.
What is the classifications of amputation?
Doctors typically divide amputation types first into upper amputations and lower amputations. Upper amputations involve the fingers, wrist, or arm. Lower amputations involve the toes, ankle, or leg.