How can we eradicate polio in Nigeria?

How can we eradicate polio in Nigeria?

The fight towards polio eradication was made possible through routine and supplementary immunization, adequate environmental surveillance and implementation of innovative strategies to vaccinate difficult-to-reach children and ameliorate acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) (4-6).

How many polio cases are there in Nigeria in 2021?

This brings the total number of polio cases in Nigeria in 2021 to 385. Poliomyelitis is spread mainly through person to person contact via the faecal-oral route. The polio vaccination recommendations for Nigeria remain unchanged.

What is the status of polio eradication?

The annual number of wild poliovirus cases has declined by more than 99.9% worldwide from an estimated 350,000 in 1988 when the Global Polio Eradication Initiative was launched. Of the three serotypes of wild poliovirus, type 2 was certified as eradicated in 2015 and type 3 was certified as eradicated in 2019.

WHO certifies Nigeria polio-free?

On 25th August 2020, Nigeria, through the sustained and concerted efforts of the government, World Health Organisation (WHO) and other partners, joined the leagues of countries certified wild polio-free which culminated in a wild polio-free African Region.

What efforts are government making to eradicate polio from our country?

To provide additional protection, the Government of India has introduced the injectable Inactivated Polio Vaccine into its routine immunization programme. Polio (poliomyelitis) mainly affects children under 5 years of age, with 1 in 200 infections leading to irreversible paralysis.

When was the last polio case in Nigeria?

Nigeria has not reported a case of wild poliovirus since 24 July 2014, and all laboratory data has confirmed that a full 12 months have passed without any new cases.

Which country is not polio free?

Wild poliovirus has been eradicated in all continents except Asia, and as of 2020, Afghanistan and Pakistan are the only two countries where the disease is still classified as endemic.

What is the current immunization schedule in Nigeria?


12 – 15 months Vitamin A (2nd dose) DTaP – booster OPV booster Oral IM or deep SC Oral
18 months Hepatitis A MMRV (or MMR +Var or Measles -2+ Var) IM IM
2 years Typhoid (Vi polysaccharide) IM
5 years OPV DTaP MMR

Has polio been eradicated 2021?

In June of 2021, the GPEI launched the Polio Eradication Strategy 2022 – 2026 to deliver on a promise made 33 years ago at the 41st World Health Assembly. Since the declaration to eradicate polio was adopted in 1988 , billions of children have received the gift of a polio-free life.

Which international agency is helping in pulse polio campaign?

It is part of the Global Polio Eradication Initiative, spearheaded by Rotary International, the World Health Organization, UNICEF, and the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Who is responsible for eradicating polio?

The Global Polio Eradication Initiative is a public-private partnership led by national governments with six partners – the World Health Organization (WHO), Rotary International, the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and …

Is Nigeria set free of poliomyelitis?

Nigeria achieved polio-free status on 18th June, 2020 and was officially declared free of the disease on 25th August 2020.

In what year was Nigeria declared polio-free?

Since 3 September 2013, indigenous wild poliovirus circulation has been restricted to Northern part of Nigeria [3]. On 25 August 2020, Nigeria became last country in Africa to be certified free from wild polio, after the continent’s last case was reported in Borno, north-eastern Nigeria four years ago [4].

When is BCG given in Nigeria?

In Nigeria the NPI recommendation is that BCG should be administered at birth or at most within the first week of life. In a study in Zaria in 2003, Wammanda et al., found that BCG vaccination rates were 22% and 36.2% at first 3 days and 7 days of life, respectively, which are similar to the findings in this study.

What is NPI immunization?

NATIONAL PROGRAM ON IMMUNIZATION. Vaccine Preventable Diseases accounts for 20% of morbidity and mortality in children under 5s. Children by the age of 1 should have completed their immunization schedule according to the NPI schedule.

Why polio is still not eradicated despite WHO vaccination program?

Factors affecting eradication. Some of the reasons which affect the eradication of polio are political unrest, poor health infrastructure, and government negligence. The most afflicted areas are those where militants are present and the government lacks absolute control, such as the Federally Administered Tribal Areas.

What is the new name for polio?

The condition is called acute flaccid myelitis, or AFM. With over 300 reports of AFM from this year alone (158 confirmed cases as of Dec 14), the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has recently launched an AFM Task Force to investigate this very serious disease.

Is polio a virus or bacteria?

Polio is a viral disease which may affect the spinal cord causing muscle weakness and paralysis. The polio virus enters the body through the mouth, usually from hands contaminated with the stool of an infected person. Polio is more common in infants and young children and occurs under conditions of poor hygiene.