What is the functional group of alcohol?

What is the functional group of alcohol?

hydroxyl functional group
In chemistry, an alcohol is a type of organic compound that carries at least one hydroxyl functional group (−OH) bound to a saturated carbon atom.

What does TsCl do to an alcohol?

All Answers (12) Tosyl chloride (TsCl) is usually used as an activating group for primary alcohols. Due to its relatively large volume and the lower reactivity of secondary and tertiary alcohols, it usually doesn’t come into them, being selective to primary alcohols in most of the cases.

Do acids protonate or deprotonate?

Protonation and deprotonation (removal of a proton) occur in most acid–base reactions; they are the core of most acid–base reaction theories. A Brønsted–Lowry acid is defined as a chemical substance that protonates another substance.

What bases will deprotonate an alcohol?

Alkoxides as Bases and Nucleophiles You would typically use sodium hydride (NaH) as a base in this reaction to deprotonate your alcohol for two reasons. Firstly, NaH is a very strong base (probably one of THE strongest you’re going to encounter in your course) and it has no problems deprotonating an alcohol.

What does TsCl and pyridine do to an alcohol?

Treatment of an alcohol with TsCl or MsCl, usually in the presence of a weak base such as pyridine, results in the sulfonate esters. (The purpose of pyridine is to mop up any HCl that is formed during the course of the reaction.)

How is an ester formed from alcohol?

Esters are produced when carboxylic acids are heated with alcohols in the presence of an acid catalyst. The catalyst is usually concentrated sulphuric acid. Dry hydrogen chloride gas is used in some cases, but these tend to involve aromatic esters (ones containing a benzene ring).

Can ester react with alcohol?

Transesterification is a reaction where an ester is converted to a different ester through reaction with an alcohol.