How is Section factor calculated?
The section factor of an unprotected hot rolled open section, hot finished/formed hollow section or fabricated girder is defined as the surface area of the member per unit length (Am) divided by the volume per unit length (V). It is measured in units of m-1.
What is a Section Factor steel?
Steel section factor, also known as Hp/A or ksm, is the ratio of perimeter to cross sectional area of structural steel members. Different section sizes heat up at different rates – the section factor is determined by dividing a section’s perimeter by its cross-sectional area.
What does Section Factor mean?
The section factor is thus a measure of the rate at which a section will heat up in a fire and the higher its value, the greater will be the protection thickness required. A steel section with a large surface area (A) (m²/m) will receive more heat than one with a smaller surface area.
What is HP a factor?
The Hp/A factor is a function of the area. of the steel exposed to the fire and the mass of the steel section. The higher the Hp/A, the faster the steel section heats up and so the. greater the thickness of fire protection material required.
How is fireproofing thickness calculated?
There is a simple formula that is used to calculate the required fireproofing thickness based on the ratio of beam weight to heated perimeter. This is referred to as W/D, where W is the weight per foot in pounds and D is the heated perimeter in inches (not beam depth).
What is hydraulic section factor?
The section Factor for critical flow The section factor for critical flow computation (Z) is the product of the water area and the square root of the hydraulic depth.
How do you calculate section capacity?
The nominal section capacity of a tubular member in tension shall be taken as the lesser of(7.1a)Nt=Ag·fyand(7.1b)Nt=An·0.85·fuwhere Ag is the gross area of the tube, fy is the yield stress of the tube, An is the net area of the cross-section which accounts for deductions for bolt holes at specific sections and fu is …
How thick is 2 hour fireproofing?
3 ¼ in.
The construction is type 1B as defined by the International Building Code IBC  and the floor system is required to have a 2-hour fire resistance rating. A 2-hour restrained assembly rating can be achieved with a 3 ¼ in. light- weight concrete thickness over 2 in.
How thick is fireproofing on steel?
“Specified” Thickness of Fireproofing (SFRM) requiring spray-on fireproofing are to have a ½″ covering of Cafco.
What is channel slope?
Channel Slope means longitudinal stream bed profile or the vertical drop of the stream bed from up- stream to downstream in relationship to adjacent floodplain features.
How do you size an I-beam?
Measure the distance in inches that you need the steel beam to fill. Write this figure down on a sheet of paper as your clear span for the beam. Measure the length in inches of the floor joist that the I-beam must support. Divide that number by two.
What is the fire rating of a steel beam?
Fireproofing steel will ensure a building keeps its shape in the event of a fire, allowing people to escape during an emergency. Commercial structural steel should meet at least the 2-hour fire resistance rating, among other requirements. The common ratings are 2-, 3-, and 4-hour marks.
What is Manning’s n value?
The Manning’s n value is a unitless coefficient that represent the roughness or friction factor of the conduit. Rougher conduits with higher friction have a higher value, and smoother conduits with lower friction have a lower value.
What is Chezy coefficient?
In general the Chezy coefficient – C – is a function of the flow Reynolds Number – Re – and the relative roughness – ε/R – of the channel. ε is the characteristic height of the roughness elements on the channel boundary.
What is top width?
✖Top Width is defined as width at top of section. ⓘ Top Width for trapezoidal [T] A.U. of Length.
How do I choose a steel I-beam size?
Steps for Selecting a Correctly Sized I Beam Choose an approximate size of steel I beam from a standard I beam table. Find out the area moment of inertia (say I) of the selected steel I beam. Get the beam depth (say d) of the selected steel I beam.