What are subfamilies of Indo-European?
The Indo-European family is divided into several branches or sub-families, of which there are eight groups with languages still alive today: Albanian, Armenian, Balto-Slavic, Celtic, Germanic, Hellenic, Indo-Iranian, and Italic; and another six subdivisions that are now extinct.
What are language subfamilies?
A language family is a group of languages related through descent from a common ancestral language or parental language, called the proto-language of that family.
Did Indo-European have articles?
The article is a widely used category in modern Indo-European languages of Western Europe (English, German, Spanish, and Portuguese). In contrast, this category is almost completely absent from all Slavic Indo-European languages (except Macedonian and Bulgarian) and from Uralic and Mongolian languages (Fig. 1).
What are the three subfamilies of the Indo-European language?
The Indo-European Family
|Celtic||Irish, Scots, Manx†|
|Danish, Swedish, Norwegian (Bokmål and Nynorsk), Icelandic, Faroese|
|English, Friesian, German, Dutch, Afrikaans|
What is a non Indo-European language?
Elsewhere in the world, a number of language-families seem to be completely unrelated to proto-Indo-European. Here are some the general families for these Non-Indo-European languages: ALTAIC: A language family including Turkish, Tungusic, and Mongolian.
What are the features of Indo-European languages?
Shared characteristics The chief reason for grouping the Indo-European languages together is that they share a number of items of basic vocabulary, including grammatical affixes, whose shapes in the different languages can be related to one another by statable phonetic rules.
What are the six Indo-European languages?
There are six Indo-European languages spoken by millions of people in Europe today, including: Hellenic (Greek); Romance (Latin-based languages of the Mediterranean and Romanian); Celtic (largely extinct, but Gaelic, Welsh, and Breton); Germanic (Scandinavian languages, modern German, Dutch, and English); Balto- …
What is the origin of Indo-European languages?
Indo-European languages came from a common root about 15,000 years ago. Researchers led by Professor Mark Pagel at the University of Reading have just published a report which finds that Indo-European languages came from a common root, a proto-Eurasian, about 15,000 years ago.
What are the characteristics of Indo-European languages?
What are the 6 Indo-European languages?
What are the 3 main language groups?
Largest Language Families By Number of Speakers
- Indo-European – 2.910 Billion. The Indo-European language family is the largest in the world.
- Sino-Tibetan Languages – 1.268 Billion. The Sino-Tibetan language family is the second largest in the world.
- Niger-Congo Languages – 437 Million.
- Austronesian Languages – 386 Million.
What was the first Indo-European language?
Aside from a very poorly known dialect spoken in or near northern Iraq during the 2nd millennium bce, the oldest record of an Indo-Aryan language is the Vedic Sanskrit of the Rigveda, the oldest of the sacred scriptures of India, dating roughly from 1000 bce.
What is meant by Indo-European languages?
Definition of Indo-European languages : a family of languages comprising those spoken in most of Europe and in the parts of the world colonized by Europeans since 1500 and also in Persia, the subcontinent of India, and some other parts of Asia.
Where are Indo-European languages spoken?
Indo-European languages, family of languages spoken in most of Europe and areas of European settlement and in much of Southwest and South Asia.
Who invented Indo-European language?
Linguists believe that the first speakers of the mother tongue, known as proto-Indo-European, were chariot-driving pastoralists who burst out of their homeland on the steppes above the Black Sea about 4,000 years ago and conquered Europe and Asia.
What is the origin of the Indo-European languages?