What caused the Sumatra Indonesia tsunami of 2004?

What caused the Sumatra Indonesia tsunami of 2004?

A powerful undersea earthquake that struck off the coast of Sumatra island, Indonesia, set off the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami, also known as the Christmas or Boxing Day tsunami, on Sunday morning, Dec. 26, 2004.

What happened in the Sumatra tsunami 2004?

A powerful earthquake off the coast of Sumatra, Indonesia, on December 26, 2004 sets off a tsunami that wreaks death and devastation across the Indian Ocean coastline. The quake was the second strongest ever recorded and the estimated 230,000 dead made this disaster one of the 10 worst of all time.

Which part of Indonesia was most affected by the 2004 tsunami?

However, most of the damage was the result of the tsunami that struck the coastal regions of the Aceh and to a much lesser extent the North Sumatra provinces. The west coast of Aceh was about 100 km (60 mi) from the epicenter and took very heavy damage as far south as Tapaktuan.

How high was the wave of the 2004 tsunami?

The greatest run-up height of the tsunami was measured at a hill between Lhoknga and Leupung, on the western coast of the northern tip of Sumatra, near Banda Aceh, and reached 51 m (167 ft). The tsunami heights in Sumatra: 15–30 m (49–98 ft) on the west coast of Aceh. 6–12 m (20–39 ft) on the Banda Aceh coast.

How long did it take for Indonesia to recover from the 2004 tsunami?

The results of these efforts are remarkable. Within five years, individuals were back in homes they owned, often on their original land, in communities with new schools and in many cases improved infrastructure.

How long did the Sumatra earthquake last?

The whole rupture lasted about 10 minutes. Compare this with California’s 1994 Northridge earthquake, which ruptured about 20 km (12 miles) and lasted 15 seconds. The portion of the fault that ruptured lies deep in the earth’s crust, in places as much as 50 km (31 miles) below the ocean floor.

Why was there no warning for the 2004 tsunami?

A spokesman for the disaster agency said the warning was canceled after the waves made land. Unconfirmed reports also claimed that sirens did not sound in some areas because they were left without power due to the initial earthquake and did not have a secondary source of energy.

How deep was the focus of the 2004 earthquake?

The Hypocenter of the main earthquake sits at 3°18′58″N 95°51′14″E / 3.316, 95.854, approximately 160 km (100 mi) west of Sumatra, at a depth of 30 km (19 mi) below mean sea level (initially reported as 10 km).

How true are the events in The Impossible?

For the Tom Holland-starring movie, the real María reportedly worked directly with screenwriter Sergio G. Sánchez to ensure the storyline’s authenticity. Overall, The Impossible stays true to the original story, with the real family, the Belóns, becoming the Bennetts for the film.

Related Posts