What do class Trematoda look like?

What do class Trematoda look like?

Trematodes are flattened oval or worm-like animals, usually no more than a few centimeters in length, although species as small as 1 millimetre (0.039 in) are known. Their most distinctive external feature is the presence of two suckers, one close to the mouth, and the other on the underside of the animal.

What’s the difference between Turbellaria and Trematoda?

Turbellaria are free-living, carnivorous flatworms that eat other small invertebrates and dead or decaying animals. Trematoda, or flukes, are obligate parasitic flatworms that cannot survive without a host. Most flatworms in the class Trematoda have a complex life cycle that involves two or more hosts.

What is the common name for Trematoda?

fluke, also called blood fluke or trematode, any member of the invertebrate class Trematoda (phylum Platyhelminthes), a group of parasitic flatworms that probably evolved from free-living forms millions of years ago. There are more than 10,000 species of flukes.

What do Turbellaria look like?

They are flat or ribbonlike. Their bodies are bilaterally symmetrical: They have a left and right side, and what amounts to a back, a belly, and a head (that is, they are not radially symmetrical like starfish and sea anemones).

What is the habitat of Trematoda?

Habitat: The larvae of human blood flukes live in freshwater snails. The adults live in veins in the abdomens of mammals such as rodents, dogs, cattle, baboons, and humans.

What is the order of Trematoda?

Trematodes (flukes) include parasitic flatworms belonging to the phylum Platyhelminthes, class Trematoda, and subclasses Aspidogastrea (two orders, four families) and Digenea (ten orders, more than seventy-two families).

What is the difference between Trematoda and Cestoda?

Cestodes are tape-like and segmented in shape, have a head with suckers and possibly hooks, and lack a digestive tract. Trematodes are leaf-like and unsegmented, lack hooks entirely, and have an incomplete digestive tract. Generally, cestodes require two hosts and trematodes need three to complete their life cycles.

Is Trematoda an Ectoparasite?

Platyhelminthes are divided into four classes: Turbellaria, free-living marine species; Monogenea, ectoparasites of fish; Trematoda, internal parasites of humans and other species; and Cestoda (tapeworms), which are internal parasites of many vertebrates.

How many species of Trematoda are there?

2 Trematoda (Digenea, Aspidogastrea) Trematoda is a class of 15,000–20,000 species and include two subclasses, the Aspidogastrea and the Digenea (Gibson et al., 2014). The Aspidogastrea comprise fewer than 100 species. They are parasites of the alimentary canal mainly of fishes and turtles.

Do Turbellaria have heads?

The turbellarian nervous system includes a primitive brainlike structure in the head region, called a ganglion. This ganglion is formed by the thickening of the anterior part of the ventral nerve cords. The head region also has specialized sensory organs, which are more complex in turbellarians than in other flatworms.

What is the habitat of most of the class Trematoda?

habitat. This species is generally found in the gravid (pregnant) ovaries and occasionally in mature testes of the buffalo fish (Ictiobus species). In some cases, the worm can extend several inches outside the host organism through the fish’s genital opening.

What are the characteristics of Trematoda?

Trematodes are flatworms classified in the phylum Platyhelminthes, class Trematoda, subclass Digenea. In general, trematodes are dorso-ventrally flattened and leaflike in shape. Their bodies are covered with tegument, which is usually armed with scalelike spines. They have two suckers: one oral and one ventral.

In what organ systems are Trematoda usually found?

Abstract. Trematodes are flatworms with female and male reproductive organs in the same individual, and with an incomplete digestive tract. Trematodes significant for dogs belong to the Digenean subclass with a mollusk intermediate host mandatory in the life cycle.

What is trematode and Cestode?

INTRODUCTION. Cestodes (tapeworms) and Trematodes (flukes) are two Classes of the Phylum Platyhelminthes. Tapeworms live in the intestines of vertebrates and their larval forms occur in the flesh of animals on which these vertebrates feed.

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